CALL FREE
0800 BALANCE

Mineral Function

An understanding of the more common NZ farming mineral deficiencies - Selenium, Copper, Cobalt, Iodine and Zinc - is beneficial for any farm manager.

Selenium and Copper are the two most common deficiencies seen on NZ Farms. These elements are absolutely essential to many body functions. Both are powerful antioxidants in their own right. Without adequate levels of either of these two elements an animal is prone to a wide range of diseases and weight loss. Cobalt, iodine and zinc deficiencies are the next most common observed, again if lacking, an animal can suffer a range of symptoms.

Here’s an insight into the function of some key trace and macro elements:


  • COPPER

    Function

    • Helps to form red blood cells
    • Important in the construction of hair and muscle
    • Key to the utilisation and proper metabolism of proteins

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Ill thrift
    • Poor conception
    • Rough coat
    • Hair discoloration
  • COBALT

    Function

    • Key to promoting bacteria in the rumen that is vital to the formation of vitamin B12.
    • Helps in the transport of folic acid to the liver through the formation of methionine.

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Ill thrift
    • Lack of energy
    • Poor conception rates
  • IODINE

    Function

    • Most of the body’s iodine is contained in the thyroid gland
    • Controls metabolism, energy, mental response, maintenance of body condition

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Lack of energy
    • Loss of sexual libido
    • Poor conception
  • SELENIUM

    Function

    • Works with vitamin E as an antioxidant or protector of body cells
    • Important in maintaining elasticity of muscles
    • Gives protection against disease
    • Important in conception

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Ill thrift
    • Low immunity
    • Poor conception rates
  • ZINC

    Function

    • Helps carry carbon dioxide to the lungs
    • Helps fight infection
    • Keeps skin and hair healthy
    • Important in both male and female fertility
    • Helps regenerate cell damage
    • Hardens hooves

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Ill thrift
    • Poor conception
    • Rough coat & hair discoloration
    • Lowered immunity
  • CALCIUM

    Function

    • Important for bone development in animals
    • Essential to correct functioning of the central nervous system
    • Essential to good muscle tone

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Metabolic Disease - more commonly and narrowly referred to as milk fever
    • Increased incidence of milk fever, detrimental effects on the central nervous system.
    • Weak brittle bones
  • MAGNESIUM

    Function

    • Essential to correct functioning of central nervous system
    • Important for synthesis and utilisation of glucose
    • Along with calcium, important for development of bone

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Excitability and convulsions
    • Problems with calcium homeostasis
    • Heat Stress
  • PHOSPHOROUS

    Function

    • Ensures strong bones and teeth
    • Forms phospholipids used in cell structure
    • Controls the nutrient flow through the cell wall

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Increased frequency and severity of metabolic disease
    • Lower milk production
  • POTASSIUM

    Function

    • Ensures effective hydration of cells
    • Carries signals between brain and muscles
    • Helps metabolise carbohydrates and proteins

    Deficiency symptoms

    • Nervous disorders
    • Poor growth, weakness, poor appetite
Different situations - animal health, farm geographies, feeding plans and seasons - will require different mineral support. Combinations of minerals will interact differently. Dosing minerals incorrectly can impact the health of your farm animals.

Agvance work closely with vets throughout New Zealand to make sure you get the right advice for your unique situation.